The potential of agroforestry in the provision of sustainable woodfuel in sub-Saharan Africa

Scientific journal
Highlights •In SSA, woodfuels account for 80% of energy supply. •The demand for charcoal has grown @ 3%/year against 1%/year of that for firewood. •Expected increase in charcoal demand can negatively affect tree covers in drylands. •Agroforestry, if adopted with improved kilns and stoves, can significantly reduce wood harvest pressures. •A systematic approach is required.

Few harmonized estimates exist on the future of the woodfuel sector in SSA to guide policy debates. The current review addresses how the woodfuel sector in SSA can meet the energy demands of the poor who will not benefit from modern energy supplies in the near future in ways that are sustainable and avoid serious health risks, and assesses the potential role of agroforestry. First, the current status of the woodfuel sector in the region with a particular focus on charcoal is considered, followed by the review on past unsuccessful approaches to promote woodfuel supply. Then a simple model to project wood demand for charcoal production and its impacts on tree cover under scenarios of the adoption and non-adoption of appropriate practices is presented. The review concludes by calling for a systematic approach for supply management interventions, and outlining critical information gaps for guiding policies and promoting wider-scale adoption of improved methods.

Miyuki Iiyama, Henry Neufeldt, Philip Dobie, Mary Njenga, Geoffrey Ndegwa, Ramni Jamnadass
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability



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