Use of Indigenous Knowledge as a Strategy for Climate Change Adaptation among Farmers in sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for Policy

Scientific journal
This paper synthesises indigenous knowledge case studies from sub-Saharan Africa. The authors examine whether the traditional practices contribute to the sustainable resource use, and make suggestions of where technologies and policy interventions can add to the adaptive capacity of the community in question. The paper focuses on farming communities and looks at water, land, crop and pest-control issues and solutions. A bottom–up participatory approach to programme and policy design is advised.

The study discusses use of indigenous knowledge as a strategy for climate change adaptation among farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. The local farmers in this region through the indigenous knowledge systems have developed and implemented extensive adaptation strategies that have enabled them reduce vulnerability to climate variability and change over the years. However, this knowledge is rarely taken into consideration in the design and implementation of modern mitigation and adaptation strategies. This paper highlights some indigenous adaptation strategies that have been practiced in sub-Saharan Africa and the benefits of integrating such indigenous knowledge into formal climate change adaptation strategies. The study recommends the need to incorporate indigenous knowledge into climate change policies that can lead to the development of effective adaptation strategies that are cost-effective, participatory and sustainable.


Ajani, E. N., Mgbenka, R. N., Okeke, M. N.
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology 2(1): 23-40



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Indigenous knowledge
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: Indigenous knowledge
adaptation strategy
climate change
sub-saharan Africa
water resources